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托福听力中你必须知道的送分题


摘要:托福听力题型中的重听题大致可分为: 1.推断类,问法一般是:what does the professor mean when he says this- 2.态度类,一般的问法是:why does the professor say this-意在考察考生能否理解说话人说话人说这句话的原因,目的和态度,能否明白字面以外的意思。 重

     托福听力题型中的重听题大致可分为:

    1.推断类,问法一般是:what does the professor mean when he says this-

    2.态度类,一般的问法是:why does the professor say this-意在考察考生能否理解说话人说话人说这句话的原因,目的和态度,能否明白字面以外的意思。

重听题在大部分情况下都可以通过只听题目来解题。 ETS通过此类题目重在考察对说话人语气的把握,重听题选取的情况大致可以分布在以下几处:1.说话人语气语调加强的时候2.有人提问的时候3文章结构转 接处。考生在听整篇听力文章的时候,在听到说话人的语气有特别的加强的时候就要注意,你不需要记下来这句被加强了的话具体是什么,此时需要做的是在脑海里 留下个印象,听出来说话人说话时候的态度是什么就可以了,然后等你回过头来做重听题又刚好问到这句话的时候就可以有很大的把握答对这道题目了。

接下来我们来举几个例子:
在TPO12-c1中有这么一道题目
(语音)Student: Yeah, I never know how much to include. You know…where to draw the line-
Professor: Tell me about it!
What does the professor mean when she says this-
A. She understands the student's problem.
B. She wants the student to explain his comment.
C. She did not hear what the student said.
D. She does not accept the student's excuse.
解释:看这道重听的问法是属于推断题,英语里tell me about it是一种很常见的口语表达,表示赞同的意思,并不是字面上的"跟我讲讲"的意思。所以说考生如果熟悉这个英语的固定表达方式的话就可以很轻松的做对这道题目。答案选A

接下来我们来看下到道态度题(TPO7-L3)的例子
(语音)Student: I know people make utensils out of wood, but utensils out of tree bark-
why does the student say this -
A. To share what he knows about birch wood
B. To point out a misprint in the textbook
C. To bring up a point from a previous lecture
D. To request more explanation from the professor 解释:我们能够听出来学生对"utensils"这个概念提出了自己的理解,然后再引出了疑问,很明显他在请求professor 的解释。另外B和C是无关选项我们可以排除。然后A选项,学生这句话是围绕着"utensils"来展开的并不是wood,所以也可以排除。答案选D

最后请大家注意下面例题里的说话人的语气(TPO1-L4)
(语音)Student: Oh, I see. At first I wasn't sure what growing season meant, just from the reading. But now I get it. It's the amount of time it takes for them to grow, right- So it would be five months-
Professor: Umm- Oh, uh… I'm sorry but no. It has nothing to do with that.
Why does the professor say this -
A. To inform the student that his definition is incorrect
B. To suggest that the student did not do the reading
C. To encourage the student to try again
D. To change the topic of discussion
解释:请注意professor 的语气"Umm-Oh…I'm sorry but no."虽然问题的考点是后面那句话"It has nothing to do with that"但是如果你听出了professor的语气的话,你甚至可以在还没有听到后面那句陈述句的时候就能够从她前面的语气中明白她对之前学生讲的这番 话的态度了。很显然她是在纠正学生的错误,所以答案选a


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